May 22

As a part of rig package, mud system is a separate but an essential part, the handling of drilling fluids can save huge cost of drilling. In the early oil industry open earthen pits were used as settling area to separate solids and mud thereby acting as a solids control equipment.

mud system for a rig

mud system for a rig

Now, with the stringent environmental regulations and high mud costs, the economics of an effective mud system come into consideration. Different solids control companies introduce zero-discharge systems, closed-loop systems, “quick move” technology, screening technology, disposal options etc. No reserve-mud pit is used in a truly closed mud system. Mud is continually processed primarily by mechanical means, such as screening, hydrocyclone and centrifuging to remove solids initially. A second stage to remove colloidal solids is by wastewater cleanup techniques.

Major components of a mud system, including:

Mud gas separator, flare ignition device

Shale shaker, mud cleaner(or desander, desilter), vacuum degasser, decanter centrifuge , centrifugal pump, mud hopper,  mud agitator, mud gun, mud tank and others, such as cutting dryer, screw auger, mud cooling unit,etc.

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Jul 26

The drilling fluids with the cuttings from the well are discharged to a rig shale shaker where the cuttings are separated from the drilling fluid. The separation step does not completely remove drilling fluid from the cuttings, some drilling fluid and additives remain on the drill cuttings.

drilling cutting treatment equipments

drilling cutting treatment equipments

Then such drilling cuttings with drilling fluids will be dropped into a GN drilling waste system, through physical way to separate the usable drilling fluids with unusable drilling cuttings. For example, hi-G shale shaker to separate larger drilling cuttings, then verti-cutting dryer to separate drilling cuttings with oil less than 5%.The usable drilling fluids are treated by decanter centrifuge, then clean drilling fluids and water will back to rig again.

The cuttings separated by verti-cutting dryer with less than 5% oil can not be drain off directly, it may pollute the environment. We must use chemical way to continue the treatment.

Drilling cuttings treatment method:

Thermal desorption, re-injection, incineration and solidification.These methods have been applied in the site, they may have their own advantages and disadvantages.

Thermal desorption:

use of the patented Porcupine Processor to remove all water and oil, leaving a residual total petroleum hydrocarbon on cuttings of less than 1%.

Re-injection :

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Jul 06

Workover is used to refer to any kind of oil well intervention involving invasive techniques, such as wireline, coiled tubing or snubbing. More specifically though, it will refer to the expensive process of pulling and replacing a completion.

workover parts

workover parts

Workover Rig is available for both onshore as well as offshore. Before any workover, the well must first be killed. Since workovers are long planned in advance, there would be much time to plan the well kill and so the reverse circulation would be common. The intense nature of this operation often requires no less than the capabilities of a drilling rig.

Workover parts may include the following parts basically:

Workover rig, Manifold, triplex mud pump, mud system, BOP, Top drives, Blow out preventers.

Workover mud system:

GN solids control produced workover mud system for 250HP, 350HP, 450HP, 550HP, 650HP,750HP workover rigs. They have been applied in more than 60 countries in the world. Some clients may get the mud system from rig package supplier. But a much sane choice is to buy the mud system separately from solid scontrol Continue reading »

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