Nov 04

Drilling fluid is used to aid the drilling of boreholes into the earth. Often used while drilling oil and natural gas wells and on exploration drilling rigs, drilling fluids are also used for much simpler boreholes, such as water wells. Liquid drilling fluid is often called drilling mud.

In drilling operations, solid weighting materials are commonly added to the drilling fluid to give sufficient density to the fluid to hinder inflow of oil or gas into the wellbore from the down-hole formation. Weighting material sag. i.e. sedimentation of weighting material from the drilling fluid, has been and is currently one of the biggest challenges within the drilling fluids industry as it can lead to well control problems, lost circulation, hindered running of casing/liner, insufficient displacement etc.

weighting material adding equipment

weighting material adding equipment

 CALCIUM CARBONATE is Acid souble weight material.It is used to prevent fluid invasion of permeable zones, and to prevent loss of circulation during drilling, workover, and completion activities. CALCIUM CARBONATE is applicable in all drilling fluids, aqueous and non-aqueous. It can be used to prepare a pill for spotting purposes. is also used as an acid soluble weighting material for drill-in or workover fluids with a density of 14.0 ppg or less.

HEMATITE is for extremely high density mud.It is used to obtain mud weights in excess of 20.0 ppg in water based drilling fluids, 19.0 ppg in oil based drilling fluids, or any time that exceptional control is required of solids percentage for rheology control.

Barite is the most used weighting material, has a density of 4.1. It is used for increasing the density of fresh water, salt water, and oil based muds.

Barite is added through a hopper, GN designed Jet mud mixer is used for barite adding, it consist of venturi hopper and mixing pump. It can be used with the complete mud system, also it can be used separately.

Jet shearing unit is consist of venturi hopper and shearing pump, which can cut the big section into small pieces and add weighting material then mix them. It is commonly used in oil & gas drilling solids control system, usually it is installed on the weighting tank or mixing tank. Sometimes it is used together with decanter centrifuge.

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Aug 23

What is Barite used for

Barite is commonly used to add weight to drilling fluid. Barite is of significance to petrophysicists because excess barite can require a correction factor in some well log measurements.

barite recycling centrifuge

barite recycling centrifuge

Barite Recycling centrifuge

GNLW452S centrifuge is an ideal choice for barite recycling centrifuge, it has been used in oilfield in Russia and middle east for barite recycling. Its max rotary speed is 2200rpm and max separation factor is 1220.

Barite recycling centrifuge is also called low speed centrifuge. Its separating factor is 500~700. To low-density solids, its separating point is 5~10μm. To high-density solids, its separating point is 4~7μm.

Barite recycling unit

High speed centrifuge’s separating factor is 1200~2100 or so, separating point is 2~5μm, it is usually connected with low speed centrifuge to make up a dual centrifuge system. In the system, barite recycling centrifuge is installed in the first phase, barite separated from it is discharged into mud tank to be recovered, liquid is drained into a surge drum first, and then be sent by a pump to high speed centrifuge; the solid separated from high speed centrifuge will be discharged out of the tank and the liquid is back to recirculation system. GNLW363VFD centrifuge can be also used for barite recycling, you can control the speed to 1500~1800rpm by variable frequency drive control panel, when you need to separate more fine solids, you can adjust the speed to 3200~3500rpm.

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written by GN solids Control \\ tags: , , , , , , , ,

Mar 11

A good mud mixing and additive system should be a jet-shear mud mixing system, it must has three functions, shearing, jet mixing and drilling fluids additive. GN design and produce such multiple function system.

GN mud mixing and additive system

GN mud mixing and additive system can be mounted on a separate skid then connected with a mud mixing tank, or they can be mounted on the skid of the tank. The latter way is a compact structure of mud mixing unit, and the former way can be more flexible to move the mud mixing unit from one place to another. But you do not have to move it all the time, the mud mixing pipelines which is controlled by butterfly valves can reach this target, too.

Venturi hopper with a mixing pump is the most simple way for the mud mixing unit. Centrifugal pump can be replaced by shearing pump, then you call it jet-shear mud mixing system.

venturi hopper

venturi hopper

 What is drilling mud additives?

Drilling fluid additives are specialty products that serve a specific need – and Halliburton and Baroid are known for high-quality additives that deliver the consistent performance mandated by environmental regulations. Our commitment to research and development ensures that our products and processes reflect the latest advancements in fluid additive technology.

Jet shear mud mixing systems 

Jet shear mud mixing systems are designed to use shear pump to efficiently mix solids with liquids. Jet shear systems ensure efficient and mixing of soluble polymers and bentonite used in water-based drilling fluids, therefore eliminating “fish eyes”. Drilling fluid yield and gel strength properties are instantly obtained with hydraulic shearing of bentonite or organophilic clays.

The addition of liquid additives is made easy with the incorporation of an injection port into the jet pump. This port is capable of handling liquid additives such as; lubricants, polyacrylamides, and oil-wetting emulsifiers. By incorporating an in-line mixer, the operator is given the choice of imparting low shear into the drilling mud. When the appropriate level of mixing is imparted into the drilling mud, polymers are efficiently used, therefore lowering additive costs.

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